From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Operation Kayla Mueller (Barisha Raid)
Mains level : Counter terrorsism measures
Operation Kayla Mueller
- The stealth operation that claimed the life of Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was named after 26-year-old Kayla Mueller.
- She was an American who was kidnapped and killed by the extremist group in 2015.
- According to U.S. officials, including President Trump, Baghdadi killed himself when he detonated a suicide belt.
Who was Baghdadi?
- Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (1971 – 2019) was the leader of the Islamic State (ISIS) militant terrorist organisation.
- In 2014, the ISIS announced the establishment of a worldwide caliphate.
- Al-Baghdadi was named its caliph, to be known as “Caliph Ibrahim”.
- He was designated by the United States Department of State as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist.