Mains Paper 1 : Arts & Culture |
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Orchha Architectural Complex
Mains level : UNESCO heritage sites in India
- THE architectural heritage of Orchha town of Madhya Pradesh – has been included in the tentative list of UNESCO’s world heritage sites.
- It is declared following a proposal sent by the ASI to the UNESCO.
- Orchha town in Niwari district of MP’s Bundelkhand region has a peculiar style of architecture used by the Bundela dynasty.
- The town, located on the banks of river Betwa, around 80 km from MP’s Tikamgarh district and 15 km from Jhansi district of UP, was built by King Rudra Pratap Singh of Bundela dynasty in the 16th century.
- The town is celebrated for its rich and ancient architecture of Chaturbhuj Temple, Orchha Fort Complex, and Raja Mahal among others.
- It is famous for its two elevated minarets – Saavan and Bhadon; and four palaces – Jahangir Palace, Rai Praveen Mahal, Raja Mahal, and Sheesh Mahal.
- It represents the concept of open bungalows, animal statues depicting the culture of Bundelkhand and stone work windows.
- The site houses ‘Sri Ram Raja Mandir’, the only place in India where Lord Ram is worshipped as a King, not as a deity, with this dedicated temple in his name.
- The Orchha town is boasts of Bundela as well as Mughal architecture influence due to the closeness of both the dynasties.
- Veer Singh Dev, King of Bundela dynasty, was a close friend of Mughal emperor Jahangir.
- King Dev also fought wars as Mughal emperor Akbar’s aid.
What is tentative list?
- As per rules, to be a part of UNESCO’s World Heritage sites, the heritage or any historical site first has to be on the tentative list.
- After it makes to the tentative list, another proposal is sent to UNESCO.
- If the architectural splendour of Orchha makes it to the final list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites, it would be the 38th site in India to form part of the treasured list.
- Three historically famous sites in MP, including the rock shelters of Bhimbedka, Buddhist monuments at Sanchi, and the Khajuraho group of monuments are among the 37 Indian heritage sites on the UNESCO list.