Air Pollution

Outdoor air pollution accounts for 6% of total diseases in 2016: report


Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the report

Mains level: Suggestions given by the EPCA


Outcomes of a recent study

  1. According to the first state-level disease burden and risk factors estimates released by the ministry of health and family welfare, outdoor air pollution was responsible for 6% and household pollution for 5% of the total disease burden in India in 2016
  2. The report is jointly prepared by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)

Other particulars of the study

  1. Air pollution also remained the second leading risk factor after malnutrition in India as a whole, posing a significant and growing challenge to population health
  2. While outdoor air pollution caused 6.4% of India’s total Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) in 2016, household air pollution caused 4.8%
  3. The DALY is a measure of overall disease burden, expressed as the number of years lost due to ill health, disability or early death
  4. Although, progress has been made in India in reducing household air pollution from solid fuels, yet this remains a significant problem, particularly in the EAG states and Assam
  5. For household air pollution, too, the DALY rate in 2016 was higher in the EAG states and Assam, with the highest rates in Rajasthan, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh

Suggestions by the the Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA)

  1. EPCA is tasked with implementation of the comprehensive pollution-tackling plan in Delhi-NCR cleared by Supreme Court
  2. It had suggested measures like
    (1) closure of brick kilns and stone crushers,
    (2) intensification of public transport services,
    (3) increase in the frequency of Delhi Metro services,
    (4) intensification of mechanized road sweeping and sprinkling of water,
    (5) continuation of the ban on use of generator sets in Delhi,
    (6) immediate enhancement of parking fees by four times,
    (7) ban on use of coal and firewood in hotels and eateries

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