Mains Paper 2: Governance | Mechanisms, laws, institutions & Bodies constituted for the protection & betterment of the vulnerable sections
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Personal Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2018
Mains level: Preventing discrimination being faced by leprosy patients in the society
- Parliament has passed a Bill removing leprosy as a ground for divorce under five personal laws including the Hindu Marriage Act.
The Personal Laws (Amendment) Bill 2018
- The bill seeks to remove leprosy as a ground for divorce in five personal laws – Hindu Marriage Act, Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, Divorce Act (for Christians), Special Marriage Act and the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act.
- The Bill eliminates leprosy as a ground for dissolution of marriage or divorce.
- The condition under Section 18 (2) (c) of the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, that a Hindu wife is entitled to live separately from her husband without forfeiting her claim to maintenance if the latter is suffering from a virulent form of leprosy has been omitted.
Why such move?
- The Law Commission in its report had recommended repeal of laws and provisions which were discriminatory against leprosy affected people.
- Besides, India is a signatory to a UN Resolution which calls for elimination of discrimination against persons suffering from leprosy.
- The proposed law follows a National Human Rights Commission recommendation a decade ago to introduce amendments in personal laws and other statutes.