From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Arya Samaj
Mains level : Socio-cultural movements during colonial period
The newscard talks about Swami Shraddhanand, a missionary of Arya Samaj who was assassinated on December 23, 1926 in a communal tension.
Who was Swami Shraddhanand?
- Shraddhanand was born on February 22, 1856 at village Talwan in Jalandhar district in Punjab province.
- He was a close associate of Swami Dayanand, the founder of the Arya Samaj
- He was harsh on then prevailing social inequality in Indian society particularly untouchability which he termed as a “curse” and a “blot” on the reputations of the Hindus.
- He had stood in the pulpit of the great Jama Masjid of Delhi and preached to a mighty gathering of Muslims and Hindus of unity and India’s freedom.
- Arya Samaj is a Hindu reform movement that was founded by Dayanand Saraswati in 1875 in Bombay.
- The movement believes in the infallible authority of the Vedas.
- According to the website of Arya Samaj Houston, the central objectives of Arya Samaj is to, “eradicate Ignorance (Agyan), Indigence or Poverty (Abhav) and Injustice (Anayay) from this earth. This mission is enshrined in the ten Niyams or Principles.”