Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: About NBWL
Mains level: Wildlife conservation efforts
- The Centre has identified over 100 coastal and marine sites as conservation reserves under its National Wildlife Action Plan for 2017-2031, says a biennial report released by the government.
Highlights of the Report
- Under the National Wildlife Action Plan for the period 2017 to 2031, the government is working towards the conservation of coastal and marine ecosystems from the impacts of climate change.
- In the last four and a half years, India has not only been able to sustain but also increase its mangrove cover at a time when these ecosystems are disappearing at an alarming rate across the world.
India’s rich marine wealth
- As per the report, India has rich coastal and marine wealth along the eastern and western coasts as well as the Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep Islands.
- The coastal and marine sector is also a source of valuable fish protein not only for the growing population but also contributes to the global food basket and in turn provides valuable foreign exchange to the country.
- “India produced 3.8 million metric tonnes of seafood during 2017, valued at Rs 5.28 lakh million at landing centre and Rs 8 lakh million at the retail level.
- The fisheries sector supports around 9.3 lakh active and part-time fishers, one of the largest workforce of fishers in the world, the report said.
- India is encouraging participation of local communities in governance by recognising the conservation reserves.
- India is implementing measures to sustainably harness the potential of blue economy while building the climate resilience of the ecosystems and local coastal communities.
About 3rd NWAP 2017-2031
- Mitigation of human-wildlife conflict, coastal and marine ecosystem conservation and a focus on wildlife health are among the key areas.
- The draft emphasises on aspects like preservation of genetic diversity and sustainable utilization of species and ecosystems.
- This has a direct bearing on the country’s scientific advancements and support to millions of rural communities.
- The first NWAP was adopted in 1983, while the second was adopted in 2002, which ended in 2017.