From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Atal Jal
Mains level : Significance of the scheme
PM Modi has formally launched Atal Bhujal Yojana (ATAL JAL).
Atal Bhujal Yojana
- Type: Central Sector Scheme
- Related Ministry/Department: Ministry of Jal Shakti
- Period: The scheme is to be implemented over a period of 5 years from 2018-19 to 2022-23, with World Bank assistance.
Aims and objective
- The scheme aims to improve groundwater management in priority areas in the country through community participation.
- The priority areas identified under the scheme fall in the states of Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
- These States represent about 25% of the total number of over-exploited, critical and semi-critical blocks in terms of groundwater in India.
- They also cover two major types of groundwater systems found in India – alluvial and hard rock aquifers- and have varying degrees of institutional readiness and experience in groundwater management.
- Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) is regulating groundwater development in 23 States/UTs.
- For enforcement of the regulatory measures in these areas, concerned Deputy Commissioners/ District Magistrates have been directed under Section 5 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986to take necessary action in case of violations of directives of CGWA.
- The scheme envisages active participation of the communities in various activities such as formation of Water User Associations, monitoring and disseminating ground water data, water budgeting etc.
- Preparation and implementation of Gram-Panchayat wise water security plans and IEC activities related to sustainable ground water management is also to be carried out.