Mains Paper 2: Polity | Functions & responsibilities of the Union & the States, issues & challenges pertaining to the federal structure
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Assam Accord of 1985
Mains level: Various policy safeguards for distinct Assamese community
- The Union Cabinet chaired has approved the setting up of a High Level Committee for implementation of Clause 6 of the Assam Accord and measures envisaged in the Memorandum of Settlement, 2003 and other issues related to Bodo community.
Clause 6 of Assam Accord
- After Assam agitation of 1979-1985, Assam Accord was signed on 15th August, 1985.
- Clause 6 of the Accord envisaged that appropriate constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, shall be provided to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people.
- However, it has been felt that Clause 6 of the Assam Accord has not been fully implemented even almost 35 years after the Accord was signed.
- Hence the Cabinet approved setting up of a High Level Committee to suggest constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards as envisaged in Clause 6 of the Assam Accord.
Mandate of the HLC
- The Committee shall examine the effectiveness of actions since 1985 to implement Clause 6 of the Assam Accord.
- It will hold discussions with all stakeholders and assess the required quantum of reservation of seats in Assam Legislative Assembly and local bodies for Assamese people.
- It will also assess the requirement of measures to be taken to protect Assamese and other indigenous languages of Assam.
- It will look onto quantum of reservation in employment under Government of Assam and other measures to protect, preserve and promote cultural, social, linguistic identity and heritage of Assamese people.
- It is expected that the setting up of the Committee will pave the way for the implementation of the Assam Accord in letter and spirit and will help fulfil longstanding expectations of the Assamese people.
Other measures for Bodo Community
- The Bodo Accord was signed in 2003 which resulted in the establishment of a Bodoland Territorial Council under Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India.
- However, there have been representations from different organizations of Bodos to fulfil various outstanding demands.
- The Cabinet approved the establishment of a Bodo Museum-cum-language and cultural study centre.
- It will also undertake modernization of existing All India Radio Station and Doordarshan Kendra at Kokrajhar and naming a Superfast Train passing through BTAD as ARONAI Express.
Assam Accord of 1985
- The Assam Accord was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement in New Delhi on 15 August 1985
- A six-year agitation demanding identification and deportation of illegal immigrants was launched by the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) in 1979
- It culminated with the signing of the Assam Accord
- The accord prescribes deportation for everyone who entered the state illegally after the midnight of March 24, 1971.