Mains Paper 3: Agriculture | Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Names of breeds mentioned in the newscard and their agro-climatic conditions
Mains level: Promoting Sericulture in India
- Central Silk Board (CSB) has notified recently developed races of silkworm seed of mulberry and Vanya silk for increasing the productivity of cocoons and to increase the income of the farmers engaged in sericulture.
- Silk worm breeds for specific agro-climatic condition are essential for increasing the productivity of cocoons.
Tropical Tasar Silkworm (BDR-10)
- It is a race developed by the CSB has 21% more productivity than the traditional Daba
- Farmers can get upto 52 kg cocoons per 100 disease free layings (dfls).
- This silkworm breed will help the tribal farmers of Jharkhand, Chattishgarh, Odisha, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Maharastra, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh.
Multivoltine x Bivoltine Mulberry hybrid(PM x FC2)
- This race of silkworm can produce 60 kg per 100 Dfls and the race is better than earlier race PM x CSR.
- Due to high quality silk and significant egg recovery, this race is suitable for the farmers of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Maharastra.
Eri Silkworm (C2)
- This race has been found better than local breed and it can produce 247 numbers of Eri cocoons per 100 Dfls.
- This race is suitable for the farmers in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Maharastra, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.
Central Silk Board
- Central Silk Board (CSB) is a Statutory body established in 1948 by an Act of Parliament.
- Nodal Agency: Ministry of Textiles, Government of India.
- It is engaged in applied research developing new breeds of races of silkworm seed and conducts extensive field trial before commercial use in the field.