Mains Paper 2: Governance| Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: DDRS
Mains level: Welfare Schemes for Divyangjans
- For the overall empowerment of Divyangajan, a Regional Conference on Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS) was organized by the Dept. of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)
- The umbrella Central Sector Scheme called the “Scheme to Promote Voluntary Action for Persons with Disabilities” was revised in 2003 and was renamed as the DDRS.
- The approach of this Scheme is to provide financial assistance to voluntary organizations to make available the whole range of services necessary for rehabilitation of PwD.
- The recommendation from the District Social Welfare Officer and State Government is required in release of grant-in-aid to NGOs.
- The list of model projects which have been optimized, includes, Pre-Schools, Early Intervention and Training; Special Schools for:
- Persons with Intellectual Disabilities
- Hearing and Speech Disabilities
- Visual Disabilities
- Project for Cerebral Palsied children
- Rehabilitation of Leprosy cured persons
- Half Way Home for psycho-Social Rehabilitation of treated and controlled mentally ill persons
- Home based Rehabilitation and Home Management etc.
Objectives of the scheme
- To create an enabling environment to ensure equal opportunities, equity, social justice and empowerment of persons with disabilities.
- To encourage voluntary action for ensuring effective implementation of the People with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities and Protection of Rights) Act of 1995.
- Under the scheme, every year more than 600 NGOs are provided with financial assistance for running their projects for the rehabilitation of PwD.
- The NGOs being funded are catering the rehabilitative services to more than 35000 to 40000 beneficiaries every year.