Minority Issues – SC, ST, Dalits, OBC, Reservations, etc.

[pib] Development and Welfare Board for De-notified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities

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Mains Paper 2: Governance | Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of the vulnerable sections.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Idate and Renke Commission Recommendations, NCDNT

Mains level: Welfare measures for the stigmatized de-notified and nomadic tribes


News

  • The Union Cabinet has given its approval for constitution of Development and Welfare Board for Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-nomadic Communities (DNCs).

Background

  1. These communities once branded as criminals under the colonial Criminal Tribes Act of 1871, the communities were ‘denotified’ in 1952.
  2. They continue to face stigma till this day.
  3. To this end, the condition of the denotified, nomadic and semi-nomadic communities merits special attention.
  4. The communities which have not been categorised as SC/ST/OBC do not get access to any welfare schemes.
  5. The earlier commissions — Renke and Idate — had tried to identify and list these communities but their major recommendations have not been implemented till date.

Welfare Board for DNTs

  1. The Government has decided to set up a Development and Welfare Board under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 under the aegis of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  2. While most DNTs are spread across the SC, ST and OBC categories, some DNTs are not covered in any of these.
  3. These communities are hard to reach, less visible, and therefore frequently left out.
  4. It has, therefore, approved the setting up of a Committee under the Chairpersonship of Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog.
  5. It will complete the process of identification of the Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities (DNCs) that have not yet been formally classified.

Back2Basics

National Commission for DNTs

  1. The Government in July 2014 had constituted National Commission for Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes (NCDNT) for a period of three years to prepare a State-wise list of castes belonging to DNTs.
  2. The Commission recommended for the setting of up a Permanent Commission for these communities.
  3. Since most of the DNTs are covered in SC, ST or OBC, constitution of a Permanent Commission will not be very effective in implementing development programmes.
  4. Rather it will look at grievance redressal and will therefore be in conflict with mandate of existing commissions for SCs, STs and OBCs.
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