Mains Paper 2: Governance | Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models etc.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: E-Court Services
Mains level: Utility of the E-Court Services
- In order to provide efficient and time-bound access to the Courts services to litigant public, who are on the other side of the digital divide and don’t have access to internet, the Department of Justice has decided to deliver eCourts services to them through around 2 lakh Common Service Centres (CSCs).
- The eCourts database contains case information in respect of over 10 crore cases and more than 7 crore orders / judgments.
- To ensure affordability, Department of Justice has decided not to charge any fee from the customers for eCourts related services delivered through CSC’s.
- The project has made significant progress under the guidance of e-Committee of Supreme Court of India in computerizing district and subordinate courts of the country through installation of case information software, hardware and local area network in courts.
- ECourts services are also being connected on Wide Area Network through a dedicated network offering bandwidth upto 100 Mbps.
- They have now been successfully rolled out through SMS, email, web, mobile app etc. benefiting millions of litigants and advocates.
- Court case information such as judicial proceedings/decisions, case registration, cause list, case status, daily orders, and final judgments of all computerized district and subordinate courts of the country will now be available across all CSCs in the country.
- The rural reach of the CSC’s is extensive, envisaging a minimum of one CSC in each Gram Panchayat, thus enabling eCourts services to reach all corners of the country.
- Towards cost of service, CSC’s has been authorized to charge Rs.5/- for any of the 23 services available on Courts portal.