Air Pollution

[pib] Environment Ministry Launches a Regional Project to Tackle Stubble Burning


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC)

Mains level: Government efforts for combating stubble burning and air pollution


  • To combat climate change, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has approved a regional project on ‘Climate Resilience Building among Farmers through Crop Residue Management’ under the National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC)
  • The project was approved at the meeting of the National Steering Committee on Climate Change


  • To mitigate climate change impacts and enhance adaptive capacity, but will also counter the adverse environmental impacts that arise from burning
  • The project will be implemented following a phased approach. Initially, awareness generation and capacity building activities will be undertaken to encourage farmers to adopt alternate practices which would also help diversify livelihood options and enhance farmer’s income
  •  A slew of technological interventions will be undertaken for timely management of crop residue in addition to effective utilisation of existing machineries
  • Implementable and sustainable entrepreneurship models will be created in rural areas through upscaling successful initiatives and innovative ideas

Reasons for residues being  burnt in field

  • Increased mechanization, declining number of  livestock,  long  period  required  for  composting  and  no  economically  viable  alternate  use  of  residues

Effects oh health and environment

  • This not only has implications for global warming
  • It also has an adverse impact on air quality, soil health and human health
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