Labour, Jobs and Employment – Harmonization of labour laws, gender gap, unemployment, etc.

[pib] Formulation of a new Labour Code


Mains Paper 2: Polity | Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of the vulnerable sections

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Basics of the proposed Code

Mains level:  Labour related legislation in India


Labour Code on Industrial Relations

  1. The Ministry of Labour & Employment has prepared a Labour Code on Industrial Relations, by simplifying, amalgamating and rationalizing the relevant provisions of the following three Labour Laws:-
  • The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947,
  • The Trade Unions Act, 1926,
  • The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946.
  1. The provisions of the draft Code have been discussed with stakeholders in various Tripartite Meetings and then finalized.
  2. Labour code on wages and industrial relations are two of the four codes that labour ministry had been working over the last few years.
  3. In line with recommendations of Second National Commission on Labour, ministry had formed four labour codes, namely wages, industrial relations, social security & welfare and occupational safety, health and working conditions.
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