History- Important places, persons in news

[pib] Guru Ravidas


Mains Paper 1: Indian History| All Syllabus

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Guru Ravidas and associated facts

Mains level: Bhakti Movement in medieval India


Guru Ravidas Jayanti

  • Guru Ravidas Jayanti is celebrated on Magh Purnima, which is the full moon day in the Hindu calendar month of Magha.
  • People celebrate this day by reading the holy book Amritbani Guru Ravidass Ji.
  • Some devotees also take a holy bath in Ganga to celebrate this anniversary.

Who was Guru Ravidas?

  1. While the exact year of his birth is not known, it is believed that the mystic saint was born in 1377 C.E.
  2. Although there have been no concrete details, the saint was said to have been born in the village of Seer Goverdhanpur which is located near Uttar Pradesh’s Varanasi.
  3. His birthplace has now been named Shri Guru Ravidas Janam Asthan and has become a major place of pilgrimage for the followers of Guru Ravidas.
  4. He belonged to a (so called) untouchable caste and suffered a lot of atrocities as a result.
  5. However the saint chose to focus on spiritual pursuits and also penned several devotional songs which made a huge impact in the Bhakti movement during the 14th to 16th century CE.

Teachings of Guru Ravidas

  1. Guru Ravidas spoke against the caste divisions and spoke of removing them to promote unity.
  2. The Adi Granth of Sikhs, in addition to the Panchvani are the two of the oldest documented sources of the literary works of Guru Ravidas.
  3. His teachings resonated with the people, leading to a religion being born called the Ravidassia religion, or Ravidassia Dharam based on his teachings.
  4. He taught about the omnipresence of God and said that a human soul is a particle of God and hence Ravidas rejected the idea that people considered lower caste cannot meet God.
  5. He said in his teachings that the only way to meet God was to free the mind from the duality.

With inputs from:

Financial Express

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