Tuberculosis Elimination Strategy

[pib] Health Ministry launches sputum sample transportation Through Dept of Post


Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Sputum Test, Nikshay 2.0

Mains level: TB elimination strategies



  • A pilot project for utilising services of Department of Post for transport of sputum specimen for TB Diagnosis was launched by the Health Ministry.

TB Sputum Test

  1. The sputum test is often the first TB test to be used in countries with a high rate of TB infection.
  2. Sputum is a thick fluid that is produced in the lungs and the airways leading to the lungs.
  3. A sample of sputum is usually collected by the person coughing.
  4. Sputum microscopy is inexpensive and simple, and people can be trained to do it relatively quickly and easily.
  5. In addition the results are available within hours.

Why postal transportation of Sputum?

  1. Most of the patients are not diagnosed because the specimen does not reach the laboratory due to non-availability of specimen transport mechanisms.
  2. Transport of collected specimen also spares the patient’s from travelling to the reference laboratory.
  3. Prompt transport of specimen followed by efficacious testing will enable appropriate management of the TB patients and reduced disease transmission.

Nikshay Version 2.0

  1. The web-based application of Revised National Tuberculosis Programme, Nikshay Version 2.0 with better user interface and data structures, was also launched.
  2. The web-application is also designed to be mobile friendly, enabling data entry also from the mobile browser.
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