Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: IMPRESS, RISE 2022
Mains level: Facilitating research in India through various mechanisms
Impactful Policy Research in Social Sciences (IMPRESS)
- The Government of India, in August 2018, had sanctioned the scheme IMPRESS at a total cost of Rs. 414 Cr for implementation up to 2021.
- Under the Scheme, 1500 research projects will be awarded for 2 years to support the social science research in the higher educational institutions and to enable research to guide policy making.
- The Indian Council of Social Science and Research (ICSSR) will be the project implementing agency.
- The broad objectives of the scheme are:
- To identify and fund research proposals in social sciences with maximum impact on the governance and society.
- To focus research on (11) broad thematic areas such as : State and Democracy, Urban transformation, Media, Culture and Society, Employment, Skills and Rural transformation , Governance, Innovation and Public Policy, Growth, etc.
- To ensure selection of projects through a transparent, competitive process on online mode.
- To provide opportunity for social science researchers in any institution in the country, including all Universities (Central and State), private institutions with 12(B) status conferred by UGC.
- ICSSR funded/ recognized research institutes will also be eligible to submit research proposals on the given themes and sub-themes.
Recent developments for Credit Facilitation
- The Government has approved Revitalizing Infrastructure and Systems in Education (RISE), as per which the scope of institutions to be funded through Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) has been enlarged.
- These will encompass School Education and Medical Education institutions, apart from Higher Education.
- There is an window of financing for school and medical education institutions where the sponsoring Department would undertake to repay the principal and interest to HEFA.
- All funds for educational infrastructure in centrally funded educational institutions will henceforth be in the form of ten year loans through HEFA to the institution.
- The interest liability of which would be borne by the Government.
- The principal repayment would be undertaken by the institutions in part or full depending on their age profile and financial capability.
- For new institutions and those which have limited internal fund generating capacity, the entire principal and interest repayment would be undertaken by the Government.