Mains Paper 2: IR | Important International institutions
The following things are important from UPSC perspective:
Prelims Level: India Day, RMNCHA+A
Mains level: Addressing Maternal and Child health issues
- The ‘India Day’, an official side event was organized jointly by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, and the development partners in the run up to the Partners’ Forum 2018.
India Day 2018
- India Day event is aimed to reflect on the journey of the RMNCH+A programme.
- RMNCHA+A stands for reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent.
- It aims to share and learn from the good practices and innovations implemented by different States/UTs and organisations to address various health challenges around maternal and child health.
- The RMNCH+A strategy is centred on the continuum of care approach, catering to health needs at every stage of the lifecycle.
RMNCH+A strategy in India
- RMNCH+A is aligned with the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health.
- Its key programming tenets include well-defined targets to end preventable deaths, ensure health and well-being and expand enabling environments, popularly known as the Survive, Thrive and Transform approach.
- In India, maternal, child, neonatal and adolescent health gained tremendous momentum since RMNCH+A was rolled out.
- India’s maternal mortality rate (MMR) has fallen from 556 in the year 1990 to 130 in 2014–16 (SRS data).
- The country’s progress can be gauged from the 77% decline in MMR that it achieved during 1990–2015, compared to global decline of 44% during this period.
- Under-five mortality rate (U5MR) in India has fallen significantly, from 126 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 39 per 1,000 live births in 2016.
About Partners Forum 2018
- The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (PMNCH) has organised 2018 Partners’ Forum in New Delhi.
- The 2018 Forum, hosted by the Government of India will centre on improving multisectoral action for results, sharing country solutions and capturing the best practices and knowledge within and among the health sector and related sectors.
- It will also emphasize the importance of people- centred accountability bringing forward the voices and lived realities of women, children and adolescents through innovative programming and creative projects.
- Specific goals of the Partners’ Forum include:
- Greater political momentum, sustaining attention to the “Survive-Thrive-Transform” agenda of the Global Strategy, and its contribution to driving the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and the 2030 SDG.
- Knowledge exchange, through sharing of lessons learned and best practices to innovate and improve implementation strategies for results.
- Improved cross-sectoral collaboration through knowledge exchange and joint advocacy strategies.