Mains Paper 2: Governance | Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: AMF TCP
Mains level: International collaboration for alterative cleaner energy sources.
- The Union Cabinet has been apprised of India joining as Member of Advanced Motor Fuels Technology Collaboration Programme (AMF TCP) under International Energy Agency (IEA).
Advanced Motor Fuels Technology Collaboration Programme
- AMF TCP is an international platform under the framework of International Energy Agency (IEA) for co-operation among countries to promote cleaner and more energy efficient fuels & vehicle technologies.
- The activities of AMF TCP are deployment and dissemination of Advanced Motor Fuels.
- It looks upon the transport fuel issues in a systemic way taking into account the production, distribution and end use related aspects.
- The primary goal of joining AMF TCP by India to bring down emissions and achieve higher fuel efficiency in transport sector.
- AMF TCP also provides an opportunity for fuel analysis, identifying new/ alternate fuels for deployment in transport sector and allied R&D activities for reduction in emissions in fuel intensive sectors.
India and Other Members
- AMF TCP works under the framework of International Energy Agency (IEA) to which India has “Association” status since 2017.
- Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas has joined AMF TCP as its 16th member in May, 2018.
- The other member Countries of AMF TCP are USA, China, Japan, Canada, Chile, Israel, Germany, Austria, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Spain, Republic of Korea, Switzerland and Thailand.
Working of AMF TCP
- The R&D work in AMF TCP is carried out within individual projects called “Annex”.
- Over the years, more than 50 Annexes have been initiated in AMF TCP.
- A number of fuels have been covered in previous Annexes such as reformulated fuels (gasoline & diesel), biofuels (ethanol, biodiesel etc.), synthetic fuels (methanol, Fischer- Tropsch, DME etc.) and gaseous fuels.
India’s vision for Cleaner Fuel
- Our PM at UrjaSangam, 2015 had directed to reduce the import in energy sector by at least 10% by 2022.
- Subsequently, National Policy on Biofuels-2018 was notified which focuses on giving impetus to R&D in field of advanced biofuels such as 2G Ethanol, Bio-CNG, bio-methanol, Drop-in fuels, DME etc.
Implications for India
- India’s association with AMF TCP will help in furthering its efforts in identification & deployment of suitable fuels for transport sector for higher efficiency and lesser emissions.
- The benefits of participation in AMF TCP are shared costs and pooled technical resources.
- The duplication of efforts is avoided and national Research and Development capabilities are strengthened.
- There is an information exchange about best practices, network of researchers and linking research with practical implementation.
- After becoming member, India will initiate R&D in other areas of its interest in advanced biofuels and other motor fuels in view of their crucial role in substituting fossil fuel imports.