From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Mission Indradhanush
Mains level : Immunization programme in India
Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare have reviewed the preparedness within States for rollout of Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 2.0.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0
- IMI was launched from Vadnagar in 2017 and immunization has been given a strong push in the Gram Swaraj Abhiyaan and Extended Gram Swaraj Abhiyaan.
- The IMI 2.0 aims to achieve targets of full immunization coverage in 272 districts in 27 States and shall be implemented in the block level (652 blocks) in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
- In October 2017, the PM Modi launched IMI, an ambitious plan to accelerate progress.
- It aimed to achieve 90% full immunization coverage with focus towards districts and urban areas with persistently low levels.
- IMI was built on MI, using additional strategies to reach populations at high risk, by involving sectors other than health.
- It was an effort to shift routine immunization into a Jan Andolan, or a “peoples’ movement”.
Salient features of IMI 2.0
- Immunization activity will be in four rounds over 7 working days excluding the RI days, Sundays and holidays.
- Enhanced immunization session with flexible timing, mobile session and mobilization by other departments.
- Enhanced focus on left-outs, dropouts, and resistant families and hard to reach areas.
- Focus on urban, underserved population and tribal areas.
- Inter-ministerial and inter-departmental coordination.
- Enhance political, administrative and financial commitment, through advocacy.
- IMI immunization drive, consisting of 4 rounds of immunization will be conducted in the selected districts and urban cities from Dec 2019 to March 2020.