Mains Paper 2: Governance| Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Particulars of the ordinance
Mains level: Impact of reservations in J&K
Reservations to J&K people
- The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal of Jammu & Kashmir Government to issue “The Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019′ by the President of India.
- It provides for amendments in the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation Act, 2004 to bringing persons residing in the areas adjoining International Border within the ambit of reservation.
- It will pave the way to extend reservation in jobs, promotions and education to people living 10 km from the International Border (IB) in Jammu.
- Earlier the benefits were only reserved for people living 10 km beyond the Line of Control (LoC) and affected by shelling and firing from across the border.
- People living near the International Border have been brought at par with those living near the LoC for reservation in State Government jobs by amending the J&K Reservation Act, 2004 through an Ordinance.
- Earlier, the provision of 3% reservation was available only for youth living within 6 kms of LoC in J&K.
- Now, this provision will be applicable for people living near the international border also.
- This has been a long-pending demand of the population living near the international border, as they have been facing the brunt of cross border firing in J&K.
- 10% reservation for economically weaker sections made applicable in J&K also.
- Benefit of promotion to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, which include Gujjars and Bakarwals amongst others, has also been made applicable to the State of J&K.
- After a long wait of 24 years, the 77th Constitution Amendment of 1995 has now been applied to the State of J&K.
Why such move?
- The reservation benefits under the 2004 act are not extended to the persons residing in the areas adjoining International Border.
- Due to continuous cross border tensions, persons living alongside International Border suffer from socio-economic and educational backwardness.
- Shelling from across the border often compels these residents to move to safer places and is adversely impacting their education as Educational Institutions remain closed for long periods.
- Hence, it was felt justifiable to extend the reservation benefits to persons residing in the areas adjoining International Border on the similar lines of the persons living in areas adjoining Actual Line of Control (ALoC).