From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Jan Shikshan Sansthans
Mains level : Vocational training in India
- Fee for SC/ST candidates, who join vocational training under Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS), has been waived off.
- These decisions aim to further strengthen the skill ecosystem benefiting those in the underprivileged sections of society.
About Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS)
- The scheme of JSS was initially launched in 1967 as Shramik Vidyapeeth, a polyvalent or multi-faceted adult education institution.
- Formerly under the Ministry of Human Resources Development, JSS was transferred to the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in 2018.
- It was aimed at improving the vocational skills and quality of life of the industrial workers and their family members as well as those persons who had been migrating from rural to urban settings.
- Now it has challenging mandate of providing vocational skills to non-literate, neo-literates as well as school drop-outs by identifying skills that have a market in the region of their establishment.
Scope of work of JSS includes:
- Develop/Source appropriate curriculum and training modules covering vocational elements general awareness and life enrichment components.
- Wherever possible, JSSs are encouraged to undertake training equivalent to courses designed by the Directorate of Adult Education, National Institute of Open Schooling and Director General, Employment & Training.
- Provide training to a pool of resource persons and master trainers for conducting training as also availability of infrastructure and training – specific equipment.
- Administer simple tests and award certificates.
- Network with employers and industries for trainees to get suitable placements