From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Not Much
Mains level : Make in India
- Indian Railways has entered into Procurement cum Maintenance Agreement with Madhepura Electric Locomotive Pvt. Ltd. (MELPL), a joint venture of Indian Railways and M/s Alstom.
About the Project
- Indian Railways and Alstom came together in 2015 to transform the heavy freight transportation landscape of the country.
- A landmark agreement worth 3.5 billion Euro was signed to manufacture 800 electric locomotives for freight service and its associated maintenance.
- This is the first time such High Horse Power locomotive is being tested on Broad Gauge network in the World by any Railways.
- As part of the project, factory along with township has been set up in Madhepura, Bihar with capacity to manufacture 120 locomotives per year.
Benefits of Project
- Indian Railways have taken decision to have 12000 horse power twin Bo-Bo design Locomotive with 22.5 T (Tonnes) axle load upgradable to 25Tonnes with design speed of 120 kmph.
- This locomotive will be game-changer for further movement of coal trains for Dedicated Freight Corridor.
- With the success of this project it will boost the “Make in India” programme of the Government of India. This will further develop ancillary units for locomotive components.
- The project will allow faster and safer movement of heavier freight trains.
- It will haul 6000T trains at maximum speed of 100 kmph.
- With 100% electrification, the new locomotive will not only bring down operational cost for Railways, the locomotive will also reduce the congestion faced by Indian Railways.
- This will be used to haul heavier trains such as coal and iron ore.
Why makes it special?
- More than 300 Engineers from India and France are working in Bangalore, Madhepura and France on the Project.
- The project is expected to create more than 10,000 direct and indirect jobs in the country.
- In two years time, more than 90% parts will be manufactured in India. This is a truly Make in India project.