[pib] Management of Ground Water

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Mains Paper 1: Geography| Distribution of key natural resources

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: CGWB, NAQUIM

Mains level: Status of dams groundwater availability in India


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Central Ground Water Board (CGWB)

  1. CGWB has been entrusted with the responsibilities of developing & disseminating technologies, monitoring national policies for the scientific and sustainable development and management of India’s ground water resources.
  2. It periodically takes up various studies which include ground water management studies, exploratory drilling programmes, monitoring ground water level and water quality through a network of ground water observation wells etc.
  3. The result collected is shared with the concerned States for taking up suitable ground water specific interventions.

National Aquifer Mapping and Management Programme (NAQUIM)

  1. The NAQUIM is an initiative of the Ministry of Water Resources for mapping and managing the entire aquifer systems in the country.
  2. It maintains the Hydrological Map of India.
  3. It aims:
  • to identify and map aquifers at the micro level,
  • to quantify the available groundwater resources, and
  • to propose plans appropriate to the scale of demand and aquifer characteristics, and institutional arrangements for participatory management.
  1. It was initiated as a part of the Ground Water Management and Regulation scheme to delineate and characterize the aquifers to develop plans for ground water management.
  2. The AQUIM project is implemented in six selected areas in different hydrogeological environs of the country as shown below:

Water Management – Institutional Reforms, Conservation Efforts, etc.
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