From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2018
Mains level: Progress monitoring of Swachh Bharat Mission
Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2018
- An independent survey agency will conduct the survey in all districts and the results will be announced in the form of a ranking of all districts and states on the basis of quantitative and qualitative sanitation (Swachhata) parameters.
- The top-performing states and districts are expected to be awarded on 2nd October 2018.
Particulars of the Survey
- As part of Swachh Survekshan Grameen 6,980 villages in 698 districts across India will be covered.
- Total 34,000 public places namely schools, anganwadis, public health centres, haat/bazaars/religious places in these villages will be visited for the survey.
- Citizens’ feedback will be collected from over 50 lakh citizens on SBM related issues through direct interaction as well as online feedback.
- During the process, 65% weightage has been assigned to the findings and outcome from the survey and 35% to the service level parameters to be obtained from the IMIS of the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
- The weights to different elements of the SSG would be as below:
- Direct Observation of sanitation in public places: 30%
- Citizen’s Feedback on sanitation parameters: 35%
- Service Level Progress on sanitation progress in the country as per SBMG- MIS: 35%
The progress of Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen)
- Over 7.7 crore toilets have been built in rural India under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) since its launch in October 2014, with a usage of 93% as per an independent third-party survey conducted in 2017-18 across all States/UTs.
- Nearly 4 lakh villages, over 400 districts and 19 States and Union Territories have declared themselves free from open defecation.