Textile Sector – Cotton, Jute, Wool, Silk, Handloom, etc.

[pib] Muga Silk

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Muga Silk

Mains level : Not Much


  • For Conservation of Muga Silk in natural habitat the Government of India has approved a project on conservation of Muga in natural habitat in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) and Meghalaya.

Muga Silk

  • Muga silk is a variety of wild silk geographically tagged to the state of Assam in India.
  • The silk is known for its extreme durability and has a natural yellowish-golden tint with a shimmering, glossy texture.
  • It was previously reserved for the use of royalty.
  • In the Brahmaputra Valley, the larvae of the Assam silkmoth feed on aromatic som (Machilus bombycina) and sualu (Litsea polyantha) leaves.
  • Muga silk can be dyed after bleaching. This silk can be hand-washed with its lustre increasing after every wash.
  • Muga silk, like other Assam silks, is used in products like saris, mekhalas and chadors.
  • Muga silk was recognized as a protected geographical indication (GI) in 2007, and was granted a GI logo for trademark purposes in 2014.

Protecting in its natural habitat

  • Under Integrated Sericulture Development Project (ISDP) of North East Region Textile Promotion Scheme (NERTPS), the Government of India has approved a project on conservation of Muga in natural habitat in Assam.
  • The scheme is being implemented in the following areas:
  1. Upper Doigrung Wild Life area, KarbiAnglong / Golaghat, Assam
  2. Kuklung Reserve Forest range for muga ex-situ conservation site in BTC
  3. Mebo Reserve Forest, Pasighat Forest Division, Pasighat in Arunachal Pradesh
  4. Bagmara Reserve forest, Balpakram National Park, and Tura Peak in Meghalaya
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