From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)
Mains level: Initiatives to combat air pollution
Objective: To play a crucial role in addressing the increasing air pollution across the country in a comprehensive manner –
- comprehensive management plan for prevention,
- control and abatement of air pollution
- Augmenting the air quality monitoring network across the country.
- Collaborative and participatory approach covering all sources of pollution and coordination between relevant Central Ministries, State Governments, local bodies and other stakeholders
- Intensive awareness, training and capacity-building drive, with specific impetus on augmentation of manpower and infrastructure facilities of CPCB and SPCB under the capacity building component of NCAP.
Technology is one of the critical elements of NCAP: solutions that are nationally acceptable, but more importantly, which are locally possible
Key components of NCAP include –
- City-specific air pollution abatement action plan for 100 polluting cities of the country similar to one for Delhi,
- Increasing the number of monitoring stations, data dissemination, public participation on planning and implementation
- Setting up of Air Information Centre for data analysis, resource apportionment studies, setting up of national inventory, guidelines for indoor air pollution and setting up of rural monitoring stations