Mains Paper 2: Governance | Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Delta Ranking 2018
Mains level: Aspirational District Programme
- NITI Aayog will release the Second Delta Ranking of the Aspirational Districts Programme (ADP) .
- The ranking will measure the incremental progress made by districts.
- The districts have been ranked in a transparent basis on parameters across Health & Nutrition, Education, Agriculture & Water Resources, Financial Inclusion & Skill Development, and Basic Infrastructure through key performance indicators.
- The rankings are based on the data that is publicly available through the Champions of Change Dashboard, which includes data entered on a real-time basis at the district level.
- The rankings, for the first time, will also factor in inputs from household survey conducted by NITI Aayog’s knowledge partners, namely, TATA Trusts and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF).
- The first Delta ranking for the Aspirational Districts was released in June 2018.
Performance in 2018
- Virudhunagar district in Tamil Nadu has shown the most improvement overall, followed by Nuapada district in Odisha, Siddarthnagar in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar’s Aurangabad and Koraput in Odisha.
- These districts have championed the development narrative in fundamental parameters of social progress.
- Nagaland’s Kiphire district, Jharkhand’s Giridih, Chatra in Jharkhand, Hailakandi in Assam, and Pakur in Jharkhand have shown least improvement.
Aspirational District Programme
- The Aspirational Districts Programme (ADP) is a essential retreat from India’s previous development strategies in its ownership, scope, and scale based on “One-size-fits-all” approach.
- 115 districts were chosen by senior officials of the Union government in consultation with State officials on the basis of a composite index of the following:
- deprivation enumerated under the Socio-Economic Caste Census,
- key health and education performance indicators and the state of basic infrastructure
- A minimum of one district was chosen from every State.
- The areas under the programme that have been targeted for transformation are education, health and nutrition, agriculture and water resources, financial inclusion, basic infrastructure and skills.
- There is no financial package or large allocation of funds to this programme
- Its aim is to leverage the resources of the several government programmes that already exist but are not always used efficiently.