Water Management – Institutional Reforms, Conservation Efforts, etc.

[pib] Per Capita availability of Water


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

Mains level : Ensuring safe drinking water for all

The per capita availability of water in India is reducing due to the increase in population.

Water availability per person

  • The average annual per capita water availability in the years 2001 and 2011 was assessed as 1816 cubic meters and 1545 cubic meters
  • It may further reduce to 1486 cubic meters in the year 2021.

About Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

  • The govt. has launched Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM), which aims at providing functional household tap connections to every rural household by 2024 at the service level of 55 litre per capita per day.
  • This mission will focus on integrated demand and supply side management of water at the local level, including creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture.
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