Mains Paper 3: Agriculture | Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: PM-KISAN
Mains level: PM-KISAN and its mandate
- Farmers who wish to avail themselves of benefits under PM-KISAN must have Aadhaar identification to get the money from the second installment, which would be paid by July 2019.
- However, this would not be compulsory for the first installment expected to be disbursed by March 31.
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi
- Under this programme, vulnerable landholding farmer families, having cultivable land upto 2 hectares, will be provided direct income support at the rate of Rs. 6,000 per year.
- This income support will be transferred directly into the bank accounts of beneficiary farmers, in three equal installments of Rs. 2,000 each.
- Around 12 crore small and marginal farmer families are expected to benefit from this.
Aadhar will be mandatory
- States have been told to prepare a database of beneficiaries — small and marginal landholder farmer families in all villages — including whether they belong to SC/ST, bank account, mobile and Aadhaar details.
- For transfer of the first installment, Aadhaar number shall be collected wherever available.
- An alternate list of identification documents has also been provided, as options.
- However, for transfer of subsequent installments, Aadhaar number shall have to be compulsorily captured.
- States have also been told to update their land records, as that would serve as the basis for determination of landholding for beneficiaries.
- However, the secretary also said that the cut-off date for determination of ownership of land (as per land records) under the scheme was already over; the cut-off date was February 1, 2019.
- Changes thereafter in land records shall not be considered for eligibility of the benefit to the new land holder for next 5 years.
- Transfer of ownership on account of succession would, however, be allowed.
Role of States
- States would be given a maximum of 0.25% of funds transferred to beneficiaries in the first instalment to pay for their administrative expenses in the implementation of the scheme.
- That amount would drop to 0.125% for all further installments.