Foreign Policy Watch: India-Bangladesh

[pib] Ports of Call


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Ports of Call, BIMSTEC

Mains level : PIWT and T

The Minister of State for Shipping has informed that under the Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade (PIWT&T) between India and Bangladesh.

What are Ports of Call?

  • Port of call means an intermediate stop for a ship on its scheduled journey for cargo operation or taking on supplies or fuel.
  • The following are existing Ports of Call in the two countries on Indo-Bangladesh Protocol (IBP) route:
India Kolkata Haldia Pandu Karimganj Silghat Dhubri
Bangladesh Narayanganj




Mongla Sirajganj Ashuganj



About the ports

  • Port of Mongla is declared as Port of Call under PIWT&T and Chattogram port is not part of PIWT&T.
  • Mongla and Chattogram are declared as Ports of Call under the “Coastal Shipping Agreement” between India and Bangladesh.


BIMSTEC Coastal Shipping Agreement

  • It aims to facilitate coastal shipping (instead of deep-sea shipping) in the region boosting trade between the member countries.
  • It applies to coastal shipping- shipping within 20 nautical miles of the coastline. Coastal shipping requires smaller vessels compared to deep sea shipping.
  • The agreement could help make movement of cargo between member countries faster, less costly, and more environments friendly.
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