Panchayati Raj Institutions: Issues and Challenges

[pib] Rashtriya Gramin Swaraj Abhiyan

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Rashtriya Gramin Swaraj Abhiyan, National Panchayati Raj Day

Mains level: Local governance and issues related to it


News:

  • The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will launch the Rashtriya Gramin Swaraj Abhiyan from Mandla in Madhya Pradesh on the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Day.
  • The Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan will strengthen the Panchayati Raj system across the country and address critical gaps that constrain its success.

RGSA seeks to:

  • Enhance capacities and effectiveness of Panchayats and the Gram Sabhas;
  • Enable democratic decision-making and accountability in Panchayats and promote people’s participation;
  • Strengthen the institutional structure for knowledge creation and capacity building of Panchayats;
  • Promote devolution of powers and responsibilities to Panchayats according to the spirit of the Constitution and PESA Act;
  • Strengthen Gram Sabhas to function effectively as the basic forum of people’s participation, transparency and accountability within the Panchayat system;
  • Create and strengthen democratic local self-government in areas where Panchayats do not exist;
  • Strengthen the constitutionally mandated framework on which Panchayats are founded.

National Panchayati Raj Day

  • It is the national day of India celebrated by Ministry of Panchayati Raj on 24 April annually.
  • Then Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh inaugurated the first National Panchayati Raj Day in 2010.
  • It is on this day The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 that came into force.
  • This date thus marks a defining moment in the history of decentralization of political power to the grassroots level. 
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