From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Rashtriya Gramin Swaraj Abhiyan, National Panchayati Raj Day
Mains level: Local governance and issues related to it
- The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will launch the Rashtriya Gramin Swaraj Abhiyan from Mandla in Madhya Pradesh on the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Day.
- The Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan will strengthen the Panchayati Raj system across the country and address critical gaps that constrain its success.
RGSA seeks to:
- Enhance capacities and effectiveness of Panchayats and the Gram Sabhas;
- Enable democratic decision-making and accountability in Panchayats and promote people’s participation;
- Strengthen the institutional structure for knowledge creation and capacity building of Panchayats;
- Promote devolution of powers and responsibilities to Panchayats according to the spirit of the Constitution and PESA Act;
- Strengthen Gram Sabhas to function effectively as the basic forum of people’s participation, transparency and accountability within the Panchayat system;
- Create and strengthen democratic local self-government in areas where Panchayats do not exist;
- Strengthen the constitutionally mandated framework on which Panchayats are founded.
National Panchayati Raj Day
- It is the national day of India celebrated by Ministry of Panchayati Raj on 24 April annually.
- Then Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh inaugurated the first National Panchayati Raj Day in 2010.
- It is on this day The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 that came into force.
- This date thus marks a defining moment in the history of decentralization of political power to the grassroots level.