Mains Paper 2: Polity | Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Rules for registering a Political Party
Mains level: General Elections
Registering a Political Party
- Registration of Political parties is governed by the provisions of Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
- A party seeking registration under the said Section with the Commission has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation.
- This is done as per guidelines prescribed by the Election Commission of India in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 324 of the Constitution of India and Section 29A of the RP People Act, 1951.
- The applicant association is inter-alia asked to publish proposed name of the party in two national daily news papers and two local daily newspapers, on two days in same news papers.
Important for Prelims
Eligibility of National Political Party
However, to be eligible for a ‘National Political Party of India,’ the Election Commission has set the following criteria −
- It secures at least six percent of the valid votes polled in any four or more states, at a general election to the House of the People or, to the State Legislative Assembly; and
- In addition, it wins at least four seats in the House of the People from any State or States. OR
- It wins at least two percent seats in the House of the People (i.e., 11 seats in the existing House having 543 members), and these members are elected from at least three different States.
Eligibility of State Political Party
To be eligible for a ‘State Political Party,’ the Election Commission has set the following criteria −
- It secures at least six percent of the valid votes polled in the State at a general election, either to the House of the People or to the Legislative Assembly of the State concerned; and
- In addition, it wins at least two seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State concerned. OR
- It wins at least three percent (3%) of the total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State, or at least three seats in the Assembly, whichever is more.
For more readings, navigate to: