From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Resilient Kerala Program
Mains level : Disaster management
- The Union, the Govt. of Kerala and the World Bank have signed a Loan Agreement of for the First Resilient Kerala Program to enhance the State’s resilience against the impacts of natural disasters and climate change.
Resilient Kerala Program
- The Resilient Kerala Program is part of the GoI’s support to Kerala’s ‘Rebuild Kerala Development Programme’ aimed at building a green and resilient Kerala.
- The Program, which represents the First ‘State Partnership’ of the World Bank in India, is the First of two Development Policy Operations aiming to mainstream disaster and climate resilience into critical infrastructure and services.
- The World Bank partnership will identify key areas of policy and institutional strengthening to maximize development impact.
- The Program will focus on strengthening the State’s institutional and financial capacity to protect the assets and livelihoods of poor and vulnerable groups through an inclusive and participatory approach.
Aim and Objectives
The program aims to support the State with:
- improved river basin planning and water infrastructure operations management, water supply and sanitation services
- resilient and sustainable agriculture, enhanced agriculture risk insurance
- improved resilience of the core road network
- unified and more up-to-date land records in high risk areas
- risk-based urban planning and strengthened expenditure planning by urban local bodies
- strengthened fiscal and public financial management capacity of the state
Why such programme?
- The 2018 floods and landslides in Kerala led to severe impact on property, infrastructure, and lives and livelihoods of people.
- One sixth of the State’s population – about 5.4 million people – was affected while 1.4 million were displaced from their homes, especially the poor and vulnerable segments of the population.