Renewable Energy – Wind, Tidal, Geothermal, etc.

[pib] SARAL – State Rooftop Solar Attractiveness Index


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : SARAL Index

Mains level : Renewable energy in India

  • Union Ministry for Power and New & Renewable launched the State Rooftop Solar Attractiveness Index–SARAL.

 About the SARAL Index

  • To achieve our rooftop solar targets, it is important to develop an ecosystem that ensures information symmetry, access to financing and clear market signals.
  • Thus, the MNRE has developed the State Rooftop Solar Attractiveness Index–SARAL that evaluates Indian states based on their attractiveness for rooftop development.
  • SARAL is the first of its kind index to provide a comprehensive overview of state-level measures adopted to facilitate rooftop solar deployment.
  • SARAL has been designed collaboratively by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation (SSEF), ASSOCHAM and Ernst & Young (EY).
  • The Index would incentivise rooftop solar by creating healthy competition among the States.

Components of SARAL

  • robustness of policy framework
  • implementation environment
  • investment climate
  • consumer experience
  • business ecosystem


  • It encourages each state to assess the initiatives taken so far, and what it can do to improve its solar rooftop ecosystem.
  • This will help states to channelize investments that can eventually help the sector grow.
  • In addition, such an exercise is likely to create a more conducive environment for solar rooftop installations, encourage investment and lead to accelerated growth of the sector.

 States performance

  • The State of Karnataka has been placed at the first rank in the Index that evaluates Indian states based on their attractiveness for rooftop development.
  • Telangana, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh have got 2nd, 3rd and 4th rank respectively.
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