Mains Paper 3: Economy | Development & employment
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Shreyas Scheme
Mains level: Skill Education in India
- The Ministry of HRD has launched the Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills (SHREYAS) for providing industry apprenticeship opportunities.
- It is a programme conceived for students in degree courses, primarily non-technical, with a view to introduce employable skills into their learning, promote apprenticeship and also amalgamate employment facilitating.
- SHREYAS portal will enable educational institutions and industry to log in and provide their respective demand and supply of apprenticeship.
- The matching of students with apprenticeship avenues will take place as per pre-specified eligibility criteria.
Objectives of the Scheme
- To improve employability of students by introducing employment relevance into the learning process of the higher education system
- To forge a close functional link between education and industry/service sectors on a sustainable basis
- To provide skills which are in demand, to the students in a dynamic manner
- To establish an ‘earn while you learn’ system into higher education
- To help business/industry in securing good quality manpower
- To link student community with employment facilitating efforts of the Government
Operation of the Scheme
- The primary scheme will be operated in conjunction with National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) which provides for placing of apprentices upto 10% of the total work force in every business/industry.
- The scheme will be implemented by the Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) , initially the Banking Finance Insurance Services (BFSI), Retail, Health care, Telecom, Logistics, Media, Management services, ITeS and Apparel.
- Under the NAPS scheme, Central Government shares 25% of the stipend per month subject to a maximum of Rs.1500 p.m during the period of the apprenticeship.
- Apart from that, an amount upto Rs.7500 will be met towards basic training cost, where needed.
1st Track: Add-on apprenticeship
- The students who are currently completing the degree programme would be invited to choose a job role of their choice from a selected list of apprenticeship job roles given by the Sector Skill Councils of the MoSDE.
- At the end of the apprenticeship period, there would be a test conducted by the Sector Skill Council concerned and successful students would get skills certificate in addition to their degree certificate.
2nd track: Embedded Apprenticeship
- Under this approach, the existing B.Voc programmes would be restructured into B.A (Professional), B.Sc (Professional) or B.Com (Professional) courses – which would include a mandatory apprenticeship ranging from 6 to 10 months depending on the requirement of the skill.
- During the apprenticeship period, the student would get a monthly stipend of about Rs. 6,000 per month by the industry, 25% of which would be reimbursed under the NAPS programme.
3rd Track: Linking National Career Service with Colleges
- Under this, the National Career Service (NCS) portal of Ministry of Labour& Employment would be linked with the Higher Education institutions.
- As of now, more than 9,000 employers have posted requirement of more than 2 lakh vacancies, for which the students can get considered.