From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : ‘TB Harega Desh Jeetega’ Campaign
Mains level : Elimination of TB from India
- Union Ministry for Health and Family Welfare has recently launched a new ‘TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign’.
About the campaign
- The campaign aims to improve and expand the reach of TB care services across the country, by 2022.
- It has three pillars – clinical approach, public health component and active community participation.
- There are some other supporting aspects of the campaign including – patient support, private sector engagement, political and administrative commitment at all levels.
- The government will ensure that all patients, at private or public hospitals, receive free-of-cost and high-quality TB care.
- United Nations has marked 2030 as a global target to eliminate TB worldwide but the GoI has made 2025 as its target to eliminate tuberculosis from the country.
National TB Report 2019
- According to the report, 21.5 lakh TB cases were reported in 2018 to the government.
- In 2017 the number of TB cases was 18 lakhs and in 2019 it has been increased to 17% in one year.
- Notifications from private-sector health care providers reached 5.4 lakhs, an increase of 40%, contributing to 25% of all TB notifications.
- Under the scheme, Nikshay Poshan Yojana, a total amount of Rs. 427crore has been paid to over 26 lakhs beneficiaries through direct transfers to their bank accounts.