From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Tiger corridors in India
Mains level : Conservation of tigers in India
The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change has informed about the Tiger corridors in Country in Lok Sabha.
Tiger corridors in India
- The National Tiger Conservation Authority in collaboration with the Wildlife Institute of India has mapped out 32 major corridors across the country.
- These are operationalised through a Tiger Conservation Plan, mandated under section 38V of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
- The list of macro/landscape level tiger corridors are as under:
|Sl. No.||Landscape||Corridor||States/ Country|
|1.||Shivalik Hills & Gangetic Plains||(i) Rajaji-Corbett||Uttarakhand|
|(ii) Corbett-Dudhwa||Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Nepal|
|(iii) Dudhwa-Kishanpur Katerniaghat||Uttar Pradesh, Nepal|
|2.||Central India & Eastern Ghats||(i) Ranthambhore-Kuno-Madhav||Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan|
|(ii) Bandhavgarh-Achanakmar||Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh|
|(iii) Bandhavgarh-Sanjay Dubri-Guru Ghasidas||Madhya Pradesh|
|(iv) Guru Ghasidas-Palamau-Lawalong||Chhattisgarh & Jharkhand|
|(v) Kanha-Achanakmar||Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh|
|(vi) Kanha-Pench||Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra|
|(vii) Pench-Satpura-Melghat||Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra|
|(viii) Kanha-Navegaon Nagzira-Tadoba-Indravati||Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh|
|(ix) Indravati-Udanti Sitanadi-Sunabeda||Chhattisgarh, Odisha|
|(xi) Nagarjunasagar-Sri Venkateshwara National Park||Andhra Pradesh|
|3.||Western Ghats||(i) Sahyadri-Radhanagari-Goa||Maharashtra, Goa|
|(ii) Dandeli Anshi-Shravathi Valley||Karnataka|
|(v) Nagarahole-Bandipur-Mudumalai-Wayanad||Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu|
|(vi) Nagarahole-Mudumalai-Wayanad||Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu|
|(vii) Parambikulam-Eranikulam-Indira Gandhi||Kerala, Tamil Nadu|
|(viii) Kalakad Mundanthurai-Periyar||Kerala, Tamil Nadu|
|4.||North East||(i) Kaziranga-Itanagar WLS||Assam, Arunachal Pradesh|
|(ii) Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong||Assam|
|(v) Kaziranga-Papum Pane||Assam|
|(vi) Manas-Buxa||Assam, West Bengal, Bhutan|
|(vii) Pakke-Nameri-Sonai Rupai-Manas||Arunachal Pradesh, Assam|
|(viii) Dibru Saikhowa-D’Ering-Mehaong||Assam, Arunachal Pradesh|
|(ix) Kamlang-Kane-Tale Valley||Arunachal Pradesh|
|(x) Buxa-Jaldapara||West Bengal|
- Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in April 1973 by during PM Indira Gandhi’s tenure.
- It is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
- The project aims at ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats, protecting them from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage forever represented as close as possible the diversity of ecosystems across the distribution of tigers in the country.
- The project’s task force visualized these tiger reserves as breeding nuclei, from which surplus animals would migrate to adjacent forests.
- The government has set up a Tiger Protection Force to combat poachers and funded relocation of villagers to minimize human-tiger conflicts.