Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

[pib] UMMID Initiative

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : UMMID Initiative

Mains level : Prevention of genetic diseases


UMMID

  • UMMID stands for Unique Methods of Management and treatment of Inherited Disorders.
  • DBT has started the UMMID Initiative which is designed on the concept of ‘Prevention is better than Cure’.
  • Taking into account the congenital and hereditary genetic diseases are becoming a significant health burden in India, and realizing the need for adequate and effective genetic testing and counselling services.
  • The UMMID initiative aims
  1. to establish NIDAN Kendras to provide counselling, prenatal testing and diagnosis, management, and multidisciplinary care in Government Hospitals wherein the influx of patients is more,
  2. to produce skilled clinicians in Human Genetics, and
  3. to undertake screening of pregnant women and new born babies for inherited genetic diseases in hospitals at aspirational districts.

Why such initiative?

  • In India’s urban areas, congenital malformations and genetic disorders are the third most common cause of mortality in newborns.
  • With a very large population and high birth rate, and consanguineous marriage favored in many communities, prevalence of genetic disorders is high in India.

NIDAN (National Inherited Diseases Administration) Kendras

  • As a part of this initiative, in the first phase, five NIDAN Kendras have been established to provide comprehensive clinical care.
  • Screening of 10,000 pregnant women and 5000 new born babies per year for inherited genetic diseases will be taken up at the following seven aspirational districts.
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