Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: UNIATF
Mains level: India’s efforts for prevention and control of NCDs
- Shri Manoj Jhalani, Additional Secretary & Mission Director (NHM), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, has been conferred with the prestigious UNIATF Award for his outstanding contribution towards prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and related SDGs.
India’s efforts for prevention and control of NCDs
- It is in recognition of Government of India’s efforts made in the field of prevention and control of Non-Communicable Diseases.
- National Programme to control NCDs has been scaled up by more than eight times in the past four years and covers all the 36 States/Union Territories now.
- The govt. has also initiated population level prevention, control, screening and management initiative in almost 200 districts under NHM which will cover people above 30 years of age.
- When fully rolled out, the population-based screening will reach over 500 million adults with health promotion, risk reduction, screening, early detection and management of common NCDs.
- Free diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, referral and back referral have been integrated into the program with an IT platform developed through a multi-stakeholder partnership.
- The intervention also forms the core of Ayushman Bharat, comprehensive primary health care program.
Addressing multi-sectoral nature of Health issues
- The risk factors of NCDs are multi-sectoral and many of the interventions to control these lies outside the health sector.
- A National Multi-sectoral Action Plan has been developed which outlines the interventions for different sectors of the Government and other stakeholders.
United Nations Interagency Task Force (UNIATF)
- The UNIATF on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases was established by the UN Secretary-General in June 2013 and placed under the leadership of WHO.
- It aims to support governments, in particular in low- and middle-income countries, to tackle non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory disease.
- Following the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in 2015, UNIATF’s scope of work was expanded in 2016 to include “NCD related SDGs” – i.e. mental health, violence and injuries, nutrition, and environmental issues that impact on NCDs.
- The World Health Organization acts as a Secretariat and lead for the Task Force.
- The UNIATF coordinates the activities of relevant UN organizations and other inter-governmental organizations to support Governments to meet high-level commitments to respond to NCD epidemics worldwide.
- The Task Force reports once a year to the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).