Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

[pib] WHO India Country Cooperation Strategy 2019–2023

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Country Cooperation Strategy

Mains level : Strengthening India's healthcare in line with WHO

  • The Union Ministry for Health & Family Welfare has launched ‘The WHO India Country Cooperation Strategy 2019–2023: A Time of Transition’..

Country Cooperation Strategy

  • The Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS) provides a strategic roadmap for WHO to work with the Government of India towards achieving its health sector goals.
  • It aims in improving the health of its population and bringing in transformative changes in the health sector.
  • The four areas identified for strategic cooperation of WHO with the country encompass:
  1. to accelerate progress on UHC;
  2. to promote health and wellness by addressing determinants of health;
  3. to protect the population better against health emergencies; and
  4. to enhance India’s global leadership in health.

Why need CCS?

  • The CCS builds upon the work that WHO has been carrying out in the last several years.
  • In addition, it identifies current and emerging health needs and challenges such as non-communicable diseases, antimicrobial resistance and air pollution.
  • The implementation of this CCS will build on the remarkable successes in public health that India has demonstrated to the world.
  • It’s a great opportunity to showcase India as a model to the world in initiatives such as digital health, access to quality medicines and medical products, comprehensive hepatitis control program and Ayushman Bharat.

Significance

  • The India CCS is one of the first that fully aligns itself with the newly adopted WHO 13th General Programme of Work and its ‘triple billion’ targets.
  • It captures the work of the United Nations Sustainable Development Framework for 2018–2022.
  • The CCS outlines how WHO can support the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare and other allied Ministries to drive impact at the country level.
  • The strategy document builds on other key strategic policy documents including India’s National Health Policy 2017, the many pathbreaking initiatives India has introduced — from Ayushman Bharat to its National Viral Hepatitis programme and promotion of digital health amongst others.
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