From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Country Cooperation Strategy
Mains level : Strengthening India's healthcare in line with WHO
- The Union Ministry for Health & Family Welfare has launched ‘The WHO India Country Cooperation Strategy 2019–2023: A Time of Transition’..
Country Cooperation Strategy
- The Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS) provides a strategic roadmap for WHO to work with the Government of India towards achieving its health sector goals.
- It aims in improving the health of its population and bringing in transformative changes in the health sector.
- The four areas identified for strategic cooperation of WHO with the country encompass:
- to accelerate progress on UHC;
- to promote health and wellness by addressing determinants of health;
- to protect the population better against health emergencies; and
- to enhance India’s global leadership in health.
Why need CCS?
- The CCS builds upon the work that WHO has been carrying out in the last several years.
- In addition, it identifies current and emerging health needs and challenges such as non-communicable diseases, antimicrobial resistance and air pollution.
- The implementation of this CCS will build on the remarkable successes in public health that India has demonstrated to the world.
- It’s a great opportunity to showcase India as a model to the world in initiatives such as digital health, access to quality medicines and medical products, comprehensive hepatitis control program and Ayushman Bharat.
- The India CCS is one of the first that fully aligns itself with the newly adopted WHO 13th General Programme of Work and its ‘triple billion’ targets.
- It captures the work of the United Nations Sustainable Development Framework for 2018–2022.
- The CCS outlines how WHO can support the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare and other allied Ministries to drive impact at the country level.
- The strategy document builds on other key strategic policy documents including India’s National Health Policy 2017, the many pathbreaking initiatives India has introduced — from Ayushman Bharat to its National Viral Hepatitis programme and promotion of digital health amongst others.