Policy Wise: India’s Power Sector

Power Ministry may make 24°C as default setting air conditioners


Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Not much

Mains level: Various initiatives by the government to tackle increasing energy demand and to counter climate change


Promoting energy efficiency

  1. The government will consider making 24°C as a mandatory default setting for air conditioners (ACs)
  2. The temperatures settings in ACs will be in the range of 24°C to 26°C
  3. AC makers have also been advised to have labelling indicating the optimum temperature setting for the benefit of consumers both from financial and health points of view

Why such move?

  1. Every 1°C increase in the air conditioner temperature setting results in saving of 6% of electricity consumed
  2. Normal human body temperature is approximately 36-37°C, but large number of commercial establishments, hotels and offices maintain temperature around 18-21°C
  3. This is not only uncomfortable but is actually unhealthy
  4. Some countries like Japan have put in place regulation to keep the temperature at 28°C

Impact of the campaign

  1. Total connected load in India due to air conditioning will be 200 GW by 2030 and this may further increase as today only about 6% of households use ACs
  2. Considering this huge demand, India can save about 40 million units of electricity usage every day
  3. The new campaign will result in substantial energy savings and also reduce greenhouse gas emission
  4. Power Ministry estimates indicate that if all the consumers adopt the norm, this will result in savings of 20 billion units of electricity in one year alone

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