From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Not Much
Mains level : Mental health and associated issues in India
A study by the India State-level Disease Burden Initiative published in The Lancet Psychiatry was recently released.
Highlights of the report
- The report found that 197.3 million Indians (one in every seven) were suffering from mental disorders in 2017.
- The study describes the prevalence of mental disorders in Indian states between 1990 and 2017.
- The 197.3 million in 2017 included 45.7 million cases with depressive disorders and 44.9 million with anxiety disorders.
- Among the disorders with the highest prevalence, idiopathic developmental intellectual disability affects most Indians, at 4.5 per cent.
- It is followed by depressive disorders (3.3), anxiety disorders (3.3) and conduct disorders (0.8).
- Among depressive disorders, the prevalence is the highest in Tamil Nadu (4,796 per 100,000), followed by Andhra Pradesh (4,563), Telangana (4,356), Odisha (4,159) and Kerala (3,897).
- In case of anxiety disorders, the prevalence is highest in Kerala (4,035), followed by Manipur (3,760), West Bengal (3,480), Himachal Pradesh (3,471) and Andhra Pradesh (3,462).
- For conduct disorders, Jharkhand and Bihar have the highest prevalence, at 983 and 974 per 100,000 people.
- At 6,339 and 5,503 per lakh respectively, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have the highest prevalence of idiopathic developmental intellectual disability.