Defence Sector – DPP, Missions, Schemes, Security Forces, etc.

Prithvi-II missile test-fired


Mains Paper 3: Science and Technology | Science and Technology- indigenization of technology and developing new technology

Another success in India’s Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). Read details about missile as well as authorities concerned (In B2B).

From UPSC perspective, following things are important:

Prelims level: Prithvi-II missile, other missiles developed in IGMDP, Strategic Forces Command and DRDO.

Mains level: Success of India’s missile development programme and way forward.


  1. India on Friday successfully test-fired its indigenously developed nuclear-capable Prithvi-II missile from a test range in Odisha as part of a user trial by the Army
  2. About the launch: Launch was carried out from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur (Odisha)
  3. The launch was carried out by the specially formed Strategic Force Command and monitored by the scientists of the Defence Research and Development Organisation
  4. About Prithvi Missile: Prithvi is a surface-to-surface missile, which has a strike range of 350 km.
  5. It is capable of carrying 500 kg to 1,000 kg of warheads and is thrusted by liquid propulsion twin engines
  6. It uses advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target with precision


Strategic Forces Command

  1. The Strategic Forces Command (SFC) sometimes called Strategic Nuclear Command, forms part of India’s Nuclear Command Authority (NCA)
  2. It is responsible for the management and administration of the country’s tactical and strategic nuclear weapons
  3. It will have the sole responsibility of initiating the process of delivering nuclear weapons and warheads, after
    acquiring explicit approval from the NCA
  4. The SFC manages and administers all strategic forces by exercising complete command and control over nuclear assets, and producing all contingency plans as needed to fulfill the required tasks
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