Urban Transformation – Smart Cities, AMRUT, etc.

Pune tops Ease of Living index; Patna ranked lowest of 111 cities


Mains Paper 1: Social issues | Urbanization, their problems and remedies

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Ease of Living Index

Mains level: Read the attached story

Ease of Living index 2018

  1. Three cities in Maharashtra — Pune, Navi Mumbai and Greater Mumbai — top the first Ease of Living Index brought out by the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
  2. Pune tops while Patna ranked lowest of 111 cities
  3. The national capital, New Delhi, is ranked 65 among 111 cities, while Chennai is in 14th place. Kolkata did not participate in the survey
  4. The other cities in the top ten include Tirupati, Chandigarh, Thane, Raipur, Indore, Vijayawada and Bhopal
  5. The three cities at the bottom of the rankings are Rampur, Kohima and Patna.

Data deficiency doesn’t mean poor performance

  1. The cities which were unable or unwilling to provide data received low scores
  2. For example, New Delhi has a score of “zero” on indicators regarding inclusive housing and mixed land use and compactness, and a score of just 0.12 on the economy and employment
  3. This does not mean that the capital actually performs so poorly on these indicators
  4. Instead, it probably means that the authorities who govern the city simply failed to provide any data on those indicators
  5. In some cases, it was a challenge to collect some of this information from data-starved urban local bodies.

Importance of this ranking

  1. A city’s ranking reflects its ability to provide data, as well as its actual performance on four different parameters:
  • Institutions or governance
  • Social indicators
  • Economic indicators
  • Physical infrastructure
  1. The ranking marks a shift to a data-driven approach to urban planning and management
  2. The future editions of the Index may also incorporate citizen and stakeholder feedback rather than relying on government data alone.

Administrative bottlenecks need to be addressed

  1. If cities are not able to provide data, their ability to plan and use their resources is questionable
  2. Particular complications were seen in indicators such as health —where local governments did not have access to data from private hospitals.
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