Urban Transformation – Smart Cities, AMRUT, etc.

Pune tops quality of governance list


Mains Paper 1: Social issues | Urbanization , their problems & remedies

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Annual Survey of India’s City-Systems,

Mains level: Problems posed by urbanization in India

Quality of governance among Indian cities

  1. Pune, Kolkata, Thiruvananthapuram, and Bhubaneswar have the best quality of governance among Indian cities in 2017, a study has found
  2. The cities were scored based on the quality of laws, policies, institutions and institutional processes that together help govern them, according to the report

Annual Survey of India’s City-Systems

  1. It spans 23 Indian cities and factors in answers to 89 questions
  2. It is undertaken by Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship and Democracy
  3. ASICS groups questions into four categories: urban planning & design; urban capacities & resources; transparency, accountability & participation; and empowered & legitimate political representation
  4. The report addresses five major issues and suggests solutions at the local body, State, and Central government levels

Problems being faced by Indian cities

  1. A weak urban planning framework
  2. Stability of finances
  3. Lack of skilled staff and poor management of human resources
  4. Fragmentation of governance and low levels of empowerment of mayors and councilors

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