From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : QS World University Rankings for Asia
Mains level : State of higher education in India
In the latest QS World University Rankings for Asia, 96 Indian institutions rank among 550 for the continent.
About the rankings
- QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).
- It was previously known as Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings.
- The National University of Singapore is ranked Asia’s best for the second consecutive year.
- It is followed by Nanyang Technological University, which has risen from 3rd to 2nd; and the University of Hong Kong.
- The best performing institution from India is IIT Bombay, which drops one place to 34th position. It is followed by IIT Delhi at 43rd place and IIT Madras at 50th.
- IIT Bombay is the best Indian university in the ‘Academic Reputation’ indicator, which utilises the insights of over 94,000 academics regarding university quality.
- It ranks 32nd in Asia in this dimension. IIT Delhi (34th) and the University of Delhi (50th) are next.
- In the ‘Employer Reputation’ indicator, which utilises the insights of over 44,000 employers regarding the quality of a university’s graduates, IIT Bombay ranks 21st in Asia.
- There are four other Indian universities among the top 50 (IIT Delhi, IIT Madras, University of Delhi and IIT Kharagpur).
- India dominates the ‘Staff with PhD’ indicator with seven institutions achieving the perfect 100.00 score and raking No. 1 tied in this metric. All seven are IITs — Madras, Kharagpur, Kanpur, Bhubaneswar, Indore, Patna, and Ropar.
- In the research indicators, India boasts five universities among the top 50 in the ‘Citations per Paper’ metric, and six among the top 50 in the ‘Papers per Faculty’ metric.
Comparison with China
- Only Mainland China is more represented than India, with 118 featured universities.
- While Mainland China has four in the top 10 this year, India does not yet have a university among the top 30.
- The 96 Indian universities featured in the rankings include eight among the top 100, and 31 among the top 250. Of these 31, 18 dropped compared to last year, 12 gained ground and one remained stable.
- Of the 96 Indian universities ranked, 20 are brand-new entries.