Mains Paper 2: Governance | Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Not Much
Mains level: Utility of Quadricycle and Road Safety
- Quadricycles can now be bought for personal usage, with the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways notifying insertion of the item ‘Quadricycle’ as a ‘non-transport’ vehicle under the Motor Vehicles Act 1988.
What is Quadricycle?
- A quadricycle is a vehicle of the size of a three-wheeler but with four-tyres and is fully covered like a car.
- It has an engine like that of a three-wheeler.
- This makes it a cheap and safe mode of transport for last-mile connectivity.
Open for Personal Use
- Though the government permitted the use of quadricycles for commercial purpose in June, the latest notification opens the door for their use for personal purpose.
- Bajaj Auto is the only company that makes the vehicle named ‘Qute’, which it exports to countries like Turkey.
- Quadricycles may signal the beginning of a new era in public transportation as currently three-wheelers remain a highly unsafe mode for commuting.
Conflicting stance on Road Safety
- The introduction of such category also raises a lot of questions about the government’s thought process.
- On the one hand, it is talking about road safety and the need for environment-friendly vehicles and therefore stressing on features such as ABS and airbags.
- On the other, it is promoting vehicles like quadricycles which do not have such safety mechanisms.
- There is a strong possibility that the shift to quadricycles may happen if the vehicles get preferential tax treatment or if the rules are relaxed, particularly for the electric/hybrid variants.