Mains Paper 2: Governance | Government policies & interventions for development in various sectors & issues arising out of their design & implementation.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Principle of equal opportunity, Article 14 and 16 of the Constitution
Mains level: Schemes/provisions that violate basic principles of Constitution
Employment initiative for family members of employees stopped
- Railways has stopped an employment initiative launched in 2004 when it started giving jobs to children of employees in the lower tier in return for voluntary retirement
- The Liberalised Active Retirement Scheme for Guaranteed Employment for Safety Staff (LARSGESS) was suspended indefinitely last month
- Railways decided to approach the Supreme Court to determine if the scheme is Constitutionally tenable
Why suspension of the scheme?
- The move comes after the Punjab and Haryana High Court said in July while hearing a case over the scheme, that it violated the Constitution on the “principle of equal opportunity” for all in government jobs
- Such a policy was violative of Article 14 and 16 of the Constitution of India the court found
Divergent views of judiciary
- In the past, the Kerala High Court and Patna High Court had found merit in the scheme
- So, railways wants SC to decide this matter for entire country as jurisdiction of high courts is limited in their respective states