From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : About the report
Mains level : Preventing animal poaching in India
- A new report has quantified the illegal global trade in tigers and tiger parts over a 19-year period between 2000 and 2018.
About the report
- The new report has been compiled by TRAFFIC, a NGO working in conservation and currently in partnership with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Findings of the report
- Overall, conservative estimates of 2,359 tigers were seized from 2000 to 2018 across 32 countries and territories globally. These occurred from a total of 1,142 seizure incidents, the report said.
- Apart from live tigers and whole carcasses, tiger parts were seized in various forms such as skin, bones or claws.
- The report explains how the number of tigers was estimated from these diverse sets of seizures.
- On average, 60 seizures were recorded annually, accounting for almost 124 tigers seized each year.
- The top three countries with the highest number of seizure incidents were India (463 or 40.5% of total seizures) and China (126 or 11.0%), closely followed by Indonesia (119 or 10.5%).
- While the latest census has put India’s tiger population at 2,967, the Traffic report uses the 2016 WWF estimate of 2,226, with India home to more than 56% of the global wild tiger population.
- India is the country with the highest number of seizure incidents (463, or 40% of all seizures) as well as tigers seized (625).
- In terms of various body parts seized, India had the highest share among countries for tiger skins (38%), bones (28%) and claws and teeth (42%).